Long programs are offered in universities, grandes écoles, and specialized schools. How they are organized depends on the institution in which they are offered. 

At the universities

Studies are organized into three basic levels:

  • Licence: 3 years of study corresponding to 6 semesters and 180 ECTS credits.
  • Master: 5 years of study, 4 semestres supplémentaires validés par l'obtention de 120 crédits ECTS.

At the master's level, two paths are possible. Students who choose a "research" master (formerly known as the DEA) typically intend to go on to earn a doctorate, whereas those who elect a "professional" master (formerly DESS) want to begin their careers directly after graduation.

Provided they have sufficient undergraduate experience, international students can enroll directly in a master's program for one or two years of specialized education. Learn more